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Despite having made progress on important health indicators including regular medical check-ups, life expectancy and fluoridated water, Arkansas remains close to last in the nation on many important health measures.
Good health begins in the womb, and Arkansas’ rate of early prenatal care has increased slightly in the past couple years, rising from 56% of births in 2014 to 60% of births in 2016. The increase has been particularly sharp for blacks, though their early prenatal care rates still trail those of whites. Despite this increase, Arkansas had the lowest prenatal care rate of any state in the nation.
Arkansas was 47th in the nation in infant mortality, with a five-year average rate of 7 deaths per 1,000 live births. That was a decline of 15% from 2003 but infant mortality was particularly high among African American infants at 9.6, compared to 4.9 for Hispanics, 6.4 for whites and 7.9 for Asian or Pacific Islanders.
Arkansas adults are the most inactive in the nation, with 33% saying they did not participate in a leisure-time physical activity in the last 30 days. That was 10 percentage points higher than the national rate, and women were less active (35%) than men (29%). Nearly 70% of adults and 40% of students were overweight or obese.
The state also had a high smoking rate, with 24% of adults saying they smoke, a decline of 3 points from 2011 but 7 points above the national rate, making Arkansas 49th in the nation. About 20% of youth reported ever having used a drug, including tobacco or alcohol, down 7 percentage points from 2011.
On the positive side, the state has achieved a huge increase in the share of residents on systems with fluoridated water, which helps prevent dental problems. The rate rose from 48% in 2000 to 70% in 2014. However, there were still 12 counties with no fluoridated systems. The share of adults receiving dental care annually also increased, by 3 points to 58%.
Similarly, the share of adults having a regular medical checkup increased 6 points to 83%, giving Arkansas a relatively high ranking of 30th in the nation. And 90% of residents had health insurance, up from 76% in 2011 and even with the nation due to a large increase in 2014 following implementation of the Affordable Care Act and expansion of Medicaid.
Life expectancy increased by 3 years to 76 –up 3 years from 2012 but below the national figure of 79. This makes Arkansas 46th in the nation on this indicator. Life expectancy was higher for women in Arkansas than men at 79 vs. 73 years.
|INDICATORS||TREND | STATE|
|Grade 3 Reading||Increasing|
|Grade 8 Math||Increasing|
|Adults with a High School Degree||Increasing|
|Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher||Increasing|
|Early Prenatal Care||Increasing|
|Overweight or Obese Students||Increasing|
|Student Drug Usage||Decreasing|
|Overweight or Obese Adults||Increasing|
|Physically Inactive Adults||Increasing|
|Insurance Coverage Rates||Increasing|
|Births to Teens||Decreasing|
|Children Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|People Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|Elderly Living in Poverty||Decreasing|
|Median Household Income||Maintaining|
|Child Abuse and Neglect||Decreasing|
|Access to Financial Services||Not Applicable|
|Change in Total Jobs||Increasing|
|Housing Affordability - Owning||Maintaining|
|Housing Affordability - Renting||Increasing|
|Voter Participation Rate||Increasing|
|Connection to Neighbors||Decreasing|
|Change in Population||Increasing|
|Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Change in Population by Age||Not Applicable|