Demographics
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity



Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoNative AmericanPacific IslanderSome Other RaceWhite
Arkansas32.6%0.8%31.4%-3.2%101.5%42.6%-4.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percentage change from 2000. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoNative AmericanPacific IslanderSome Other RaceWhite
Arkansas47,413456,693243,32116,84011,11789,7822,193,348

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.







Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoNative AmericanPacific IslanderSome Other RaceWhite
Arkansas County-93.5%******-5.9%26.8%70.4%****-100.0%******-44.1%******-12.2%
Ashley County-10.7%******-15.8%9.1%-12.2%******0.0%******-72.9%******-11.1%
Baxter County12.7%**-18.7%******57.0%2.6%****157.1%******12.5%******-2.8%
Benton County90.0%110.2%44.8%-3.0%232.1%-7.6%7.5%
Boone County-14.5%******7.9%****51.3%-45.8%******0.0%******165.4%******-0.1%
Bowie County, Texas85.7%7.9%23.2%-36.2%**-32.5%******11.0%**-4.6%
Bradley County0.0%******-14.8%9.6%313.6%****0.0%******-72.4%******-9.1%
Calhoun County0.0%******-23.9%417.8%0.0%******0.0%******-100.0%******-10.8%
Carroll County239.2%******123.9%******24.5%16.3%****0.0%-50.0%******-9.8%
Chicot County8.3%******-14.4%12.7%-33.3%******0.0%******-81.8%******-11.0%
Clark County3.7%******-6.1%17.7%-80.0%******0.0%******745.1%****-12.6%
Clay County-14.3%******157.9%******-48.0%******-25.0%******0.0%******10.6%******-12.2%
Cleburne County178.9%******-5.9%**27.1%139.0%****-38.5%******646.7%******-6.4%
Cleveland County0.0%******-4.9%-100.0%******0.0%******0.0%******-100.0%******-15.1%
Columbia County-49.5%******-10.9%23.6%116.7%******50.0%******259.5%******-6.6%
Conway County136.1%******-8.0%18.0%-51.0%******0.0%******173.3%******-4.2%
Craighead County11.7%41.5%42.2%20.4%****-18.5%******950.7%**3.4%
Crawford County-14.9%**-10.2%**36.8%-25.6%**0.0%******68.8%****-7.8%
Crittenden County321.8%-7.1%35.7%85.7%******-100.0%******-79.7%******-14.4%
Cross County-95.5%******-20.3%226.4%4.3%******0.0%******-41.2%******-8.1%
Dallas County-90.2%******-18.3%-57.3%******-100.0%******0.0%******-76.3%******-24.4%
Desha County0.0%******-13.3%31.2%-78.4%******0.0%******-48.2%******-13.5%
Drew County11.6%****-11.7%51.7%-33.3%******0.0%******110.7%******-10.0%
Faulkner County-15.5%**19.9%24.8%-26.7%******-62.9%******248.9%**4.1%
Franklin County154.5%****-38.5%******52.7%-36.5%******0.0%******448.3%******-10.9%
Fulton County-96.2%******-36.1%******-36.4%******7.3%******0.0%******0.0%******-5.1%
Garland County-12.0%**-1.5%33.6%-16.2%**514.3%******-50.5%****2.9%
Grant County-29.7%******27.5%41.7%-53.5%******0.0%******76.9%******-2.4%
Greene County515.6%****310.0%52.4%-55.3%******0.0%******137.4%****2.7%
Hempstead County660.0%******-8.9%1.6%287.5%******0.0%******150.7%**-22.2%
Hot Spring County245.8%******5.6%35.0%10.0%******0.0%******47.4%******-2.8%
Howard County147.6%******-5.9%27.7%-82.2%******0.0%******31.6%-14.4%
Independence County705.9%**-27.0%**29.1%-48.5%******605.6%******713.1%**-5.2%
Izard County-81.5%******52.8%****78.7%425.0%******-91.8%******670.6%******-6.6%
Jackson County82.5%******-30.7%20.8%-80.5%******33.3%******-50.4%******-11.0%
Jefferson County-18.0%**-11.5%28.6%-15.8%******258.7%******102.1%**-20.1%
Johnson County956.8%1.0%**19.7%-26.4%******-24.1%******166.9%******-8.6%
Lafayette County0.0%******-26.2%67.4%54.5%******-100.0%******0.0%******-20.1%
Lawrence County0.0%******99.1%**80.0%-3.1%******0.0%******366.7%******-10.0%
Lee County0.0%******-18.6%36.0%-73.5%******0.0%******-50.0%******-16.9%
Lincoln County0.0%******-7.1%26.9%129.6%******0.0%******68.6%-12.3%
Little River County0.0%******-21.8%270.8%80.0%******0.0%******53.8%******-10.5%
Logan County-4.7%**9.1%27.5%-62.0%******0.0%******43.2%******-9.1%
Lonoke County68.1%-3.3%58.8%-68.0%******0.0%******39.3%****5.2%
Madison County106.2%******-70.4%******37.3%-23.8%******0.0%******44.3%******-11.0%
Marion County139.2%**125.6%******41.3%-4.2%******0.0%******-58.2%******-1.2%
Miller County-43.9%******1.6%46.3%134.8%**0.0%******578.5%**-7.5%
Mississippi County-3.5%****-11.5%12.4%-23.1%******122.2%******264.7%****-20.1%
Monroe County1,000.0%******-13.7%-100.0%******-70.0%******0.0%******-100.0%******-20.7%
Montgomery County7,100.0%******36.2%**15.6%-33.3%******0.0%******116.8%****-13.6%
Nevada County0.0%******-2.1%-48.7%******-69.7%******0.0%******0.0%******-11.8%
Newton County0.0%******-73.7%******164.0%******37.5%******0.0%******113.8%******-14.3%
Ouachita County-66.7%******-11.0%45.7%-47.5%******0.0%******10.8%******-14.9%
Perry County0.0%******-1.3%****36.1%-75.9%******0.0%******324.5%******-7.4%
Phillips County416.7%******-25.0%18.4%-75.0%******0.0%******10.0%******-26.5%
Pike County100.0%******7.1%-5.7%-84.4%******0.0%******-51.5%**-10.6%
Poinsett County-66.7%******-44.6%**44.0%22.4%******0.0%******226.5%****-11.6%
Polk County47.8%******31.6%******8.7%-17.0%**457.1%******18.6%**-8.7%
Pope County46.9%**-24.9%52.0%52.5%****0.0%******50.3%**-3.0%
Prairie County54.5%******-22.6%111.1%0.0%******0.0%******493.8%******-6.5%
Pulaski County14.0%11.0%16.7%24.5%**58.9%**92.4%-7.7%
Randolph County-6.6%******377.8%**57.2%73.3%******26,800.0%******133.3%******-3.6%
Saline County43.9%108.4%67.2%-57.6%****241.7%******101.1%**6.6%
Scott County-86.0%******440.9%******5.3%-68.4%******0.0%******122.1%******-16.1%
Searcy County10.5%******26.9%******88.2%214.5%******0.0%******0.0%******-11.5%
Sebastian County15.1%4.1%26.3%8.0%**30.8%******628.3%-13.7%
Sevier County-42.9%******0.4%4.7%29.4%****0.0%18.2%-21.0%
Sharp County97.8%****250.0%******56.5%-72.2%******-100.0%******782.6%******-3.1%
St. Francis County-54.5%******-15.2%7.4%75.8%****416.7%******43.6%******-26.7%
Stone County-56.9%******88.9%******50.9%358.8%******0.0%******544.8%****-7.2%
Union County32.9%-7.9%12.7%-59.4%******0.0%******149.1%******-8.9%
Van Buren County354.5%******-31.8%******17.8%-22.7%******0.0%******134.2%****-10.6%
Washington County38.2%23.0%36.2%0.8%**56.5%0.6%6.2%
White County153.6%3.9%26.0%-18.8%******-100.0%******-31.4%****-3.2%
Woodruff County0.0%******-17.5%10.7%******-92.3%******142.9%******20.0%******-13.5%
Yell County-29.5%**64.5%**3.3%156.8%******0.0%******31.3%-15.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percentage change from 2000. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoNative AmericanPacific IslanderSome Other RaceWhite
Arkansas County8******4,37964946****0******118******12,112
Ashley County25******4,7251,16443******55******181******13,461
Baxter County230**100******1,118237****18******135******39,074
Benton County12,0685,37449,7213,2251,96310,490205,967
Boone County165******123****1,089130******2******215******35,724
Bowie County, Texas1,25023,4627,521477**104******2,121**61,938
Bradley County6******2,7221,674488****0******305******6,370
Calhoun County8******99423321******0******0******3,542
Carroll County346******103******4,417264****330619******22,594
Chicot County26******5,4836284******0******65******4,339
Clark County140******5,1571,09217******9******600****14,848
Clay County6******98******116******39******0******73******13,720
Cleburne County53******96**681196****8******112******23,593
Cleveland County0******9920******2******0******0******6,339
Columbia County104******8,082681104******6******133******13,877
Conway County85******2,29091075******0******287******17,343
Craighead County1,35718,0356,074383****22******2,858**83,513
Crawford County790**771**5,155603**12******1,379****51,822
Crittenden County36724,0051,42465******0******117******19,945
Cross County5******3,28635949******0******10******12,275
Dallas County4******2,85682******0******37******18******3,405
Desha County25******5,3767628******0******187******5,365
Drew County125****4,6546988******0******177******11,655
Faulkner County1,302**14,2305,488366******13******2,463**100,955
Franklin County140****96******62080******17******159******15,377
Fulton County4******23******70******44******0******5******11,334
Garland County743**7,9246,204502**86******1,521****84,455
Grant County64******46457820******22******191******16,647
Greene County197****1,1441,43376******67******463****42,055
Hempstead County38******6,2062,722155******0******1,632**11,379
Hot Spring County83******3,8031,249132******7******112******27,782
Howard County104******2,7701,70827******27******1,3028,227
Independence County274**727**2,696122******127******1,431**32,862
Izard County5******249****370126******4******131******12,189
Jackson County73******2,04153415******8******56******12,770
Jefferson County523**37,4601,59085******269******954**25,818
Johnson County782417**3,736128******60******467******22,047
Lafayette County61******2,09922117******0******97******3,740
Lawrence County10******227**28831******9******42******15,205
Lee County16******4,7932539******0******47******3,663
Lincoln County0******3,88458162******0******4898,250
Little River County27******2,238482126******0******163******8,697
Logan County388**33667289******0******159******19,066
Lonoke County7584,1083,590153******93******936****64,497
Madison County167******8******1,05661******161******228******13,326
Marion County122**88******42469******23******33******15,990
Miller County148******10,7531,605371**0******1,106**29,222
Mississippi County164****14,0371,91060******20******569****23,530
Monroe County22******2,9540******9******0******0******3,656
Montgomery County72******64**41586******0******232****7,777
Nevada County13******2,798122******10******8******2******5,320
Newton County0******10******132******88******14******62******6,734
Ouachita County8******9,27560332******0******41******12,619
Perry County7******234****33214******0******208******9,156
Phillips County93******10,1893544******0******44******5,718
Pike County28******42569415******0******251**9,048
Poinsett County5******988**82260******12******222****19,685
Polk County34******25******1,288302**39******555**17,457
Pope County639**1,5766,305770****35******2,343**54,268
Prairie County17******8661714******0******95******6,970
Pulaski County8,976148,79125,3291,389**143**10,768209,994
Randolph County71******258**45652******269******105******16,846
Saline County1,41310,4436,733255****82******2,108**104,854
Scott County63******119******82050******5******462******8,426
Searcy County21******33******239217******0******15******6,954
Sebastian County5,9427,66019,3871,236**153******12,16290,210
Sevier County44******7525,458414****2044,5539,216
Sharp County91****175******44632******0******203******16,111
St. Francis County25******12,3691,275109****62******504******9,259
Stone County47******17******24978******0******187****11,247
Union County29912,6151,59552******0******269******24,439
Van Buren County50******118******550126******17******274****14,800
Washington County6,4088,57042,8122,256**6,58217,255174,159
White County6673,3733,606151******0******690****68,350
Woodruff County0******1,72131******1******17******18******4,352
Yell County222**449**4,29095******0******3,31915,757

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.



What does this measure?

The growth or decline in the number of residents of a geographic area since 2008-12, broken down by racial and ethnic groups

Why is this important?

Population measures provide insight on how communities are changing in size and composition. The racial and ethnic makeup of a community can offer insight into its levels of diversity, which also may reflect particular challenges and opportunities.

How is Arkansas doing?

Though still by far majority white, Arkansas is becoming slightly more diverse (72% white in 2018-22, compared to 75% in 2008-12). In 2018-22, 15% of Arkansans identified as black or African American, 8% Hispanic or Latino, 2% Asian, 3% some other race, 0.5% Native American, and 0.4% (about 11,100 individuals) Pacific Islander.

Though they remained a tiny fraction of the population, Pacific Islanders had the largest growth from 2008-12 to 2018-22 (102%), which far outstripped their population growth in the U.S. overall (21.5%). The next largest increase was among Asian residents, at 33%, followed by Hispanic residents (31%). Increases were far smaller for Black residents (0.8%) and Native American and White residents decreased by 3% and 4% respectively.

Within the state, Phillips County had the largest non-white population with only 35% of residents identified as white, while 62% were black. In contrast, Fulton and Clay Counties were the least diverse counties, with 98% or more of residents identifying as white.

In terms of changes in demographics, from 2008-12 to 2018-22, Benton County saw the largest increase in its white population (7.5%), while St. Francis County saw the largest decrease in its white population (down 27%).

What contributes to racial and ethnic disparities?

The composition of the U.S. population is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse as people of color grow in representation and will be a majority within the next two decades. Latino, Asian and multiracial groups are experiencing the largest growth with Latino's rapid increase caused largely by immigration. Latino immigrants who enter the U.S. tend to be younger and of child-bearing age. Latinas in the U.S. have higher fertility rates than Black and white women. Black, Latino and multiracial populations are also experiencing higher rates of births relative to deaths, while whites are experiencing the opposite.

Notes about the data

Rate is percentage change from 2008-12. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). The totals for these categories therefore cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group. Data for this indicator is released annually in December.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoNative AmericanPacific IslanderSome Other RaceWhite
Arkansas32.6%0.8%31.4%-3.2%101.5%42.6%-4.0%
Benton County90.0%110.2%44.8%-3.0%232.1%-7.6%7.5%
Craighead County11.7%41.5%42.2%20.4%****-18.5%******950.7%**3.4%
Crittenden County321.8%-7.1%35.7%85.7%******-100.0%******-79.7%******-14.4%
Faulkner County-15.5%**19.9%24.8%-26.7%******-62.9%******248.9%**4.1%
Jefferson County-18.0%**-11.5%28.6%-15.8%******258.7%******102.1%**-20.1%
Miller County-43.9%******1.6%46.3%134.8%**0.0%******578.5%**-7.5%
Mississippi County-3.5%****-11.5%12.4%-23.1%******122.2%******264.7%****-20.1%
Phillips County416.7%******-25.0%18.4%-75.0%******0.0%******10.0%******-26.5%
Pulaski County14.0%11.0%16.7%24.5%**58.9%**92.4%-7.7%
Saline County43.9%108.4%67.2%-57.6%****241.7%******101.1%**6.6%
Sebastian County15.1%4.1%26.3%8.0%**30.8%******628.3%-13.7%
St. Francis County-54.5%******-15.2%7.4%75.8%****416.7%******43.6%******-26.7%
Union County32.9%-7.9%12.7%-59.4%******0.0%******149.1%******-8.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percentage change from 2000. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoNative AmericanPacific IslanderSome Other RaceWhite
Arkansas47,413456,693243,32116,84011,11789,7822,193,348
Benton County12,0685,37449,7213,2251,96310,490205,967
Craighead County1,35718,0356,074383****22******2,858**83,513
Crittenden County36724,0051,42465******0******117******19,945
Faulkner County1,302**14,2305,488366******13******2,463**100,955
Jefferson County523**37,4601,59085******269******954**25,818
Miller County148******10,7531,605371**0******1,106**29,222
Mississippi County164****14,0371,91060******20******569****23,530
Phillips County93******10,1893544******0******44******5,718
Pulaski County8,976148,79125,3291,389**143**10,768209,994
Saline County1,41310,4436,733255****82******2,108**104,854
Sebastian County5,9427,66019,3871,236**153******12,16290,210
St. Francis County25******12,3691,275109****62******504******9,259
Union County29912,6151,59552******0******269******24,439

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.









INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Education: Access to Quality Seats for Infants and Toddlers Not Applicable
Education: Access to Quality Childcare Seats for Preschoolers Not Applicable
Education: Grade 3 Reading Decreasing
Education: Grade 8 Math Maintaining
Education: Graduation Rate Increasing
Education: Remediation Rate Maintaining
Education: Adults with a High School Degree Increasing
Education: Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher Increasing
Education: Adults Pursuing Further Education Decreasing
Education: Imagination Libraries Increasing
Health: Low Birth Weight Babies Not Applicable
Health: Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Health: Overweight or Obese Students Increasing
Health: Overweight or Obese Adults Increasing
Health: Physically Inactive Adults Maintaining
Health: Smoking Rate Decreasing
Health: Insurance Coverage Rates Increasing
Health: Oral Health Increasing
Health: Life Expectancy Decreasing
Health: Routine Check-ups Increasing
Health: Overdose Deaths Increasing
Families: Teen Births Decreasing
Families: Children Living in Poverty Maintaining
Families: People Living in Poverty Maintaining
Families: Elderly Living in Poverty Maintaining
Families: Median Household Income Maintaining
Families: Unemployment Rate Decreasing
Families: Homeownership Rate Decreasing
Families: Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Families: Access to Financial Services Decreasing
Families: Food Insecurity Decreasing
Families: Food Deserts Not Applicable
Families: Homelessness Decreasing
Families: Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Families: Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Families: Households Below ALICE Threshold Not Applicable
Families: Overall Housing Cost Burden Decreasing
Families: Child Care Costs for Toddlers Not Applicable
Families: Medical Debt Not Applicable
Families: Households Receiving SNAP Decreasing
Families: Incarceration Rate Increasing
Community: Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Community: Charitable Giving Increasing
Community: Volunteering Increasing
Community: Group Participation Increasing
Community: Connection to Neighbors Decreasing
Community: Local Voting Not Applicable
Demographics: Change in Population Increasing
Demographics: Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Demographics: Change in Population by Age Not Applicable
Racial Equity: Remediation Rate Maintaining
Racial Equity: Adults with a High School Degree Increasing
Racial Equity: Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher Increasing
Racial Equity: Adults Pursuing Further Education Decreasing
Racial Equity: Low Birth Weight Babies Not Applicable
Racial Equity: Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Racial Equity: Overweight or Obese Students Increasing
Racial Equity: Overweight or Obese Adults Increasing
Racial Equity: Physically Inactive Adults Maintaining
Racial Equity: Smoking Rate Decreasing
Racial Equity: Insurance Coverage Rates Increasing
Racial Equity: Oral Health Increasing
Racial Equity: Life Expectancy Decreasing
Racial Equity: Routine Check-ups Increasing
Racial Equity: Teen Births Decreasing
Racial Equity: Children Living in Poverty Maintaining
Racial Equity: People Living in Poverty Maintaining
Racial Equity: Elderly Living in Poverty Maintaining
Racial Equity: Median Household Income Maintaining
Racial Equity: Unemployment Rate Decreasing
Racial Equity: Homeownership Rate Decreasing
Racial Equity: Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Racial Equity: Food Insecurity Decreasing
Racial Equity: Homelessness Decreasing
Racial Equity: Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Racial Equity: Medical Debt Not Applicable
Racial Equity: Households Receiving SNAP Decreasing
Racial Equity: Incarceration Rate Increasing
Racial Equity: Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable








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