Racial Equity
Elderly Living in Poverty
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Elderly Living in Poverty
2015-19
Arkansas County14%**
Ashley County17%**
Baxter County9%
Benton County8%
Boone County11%**
Bowie County, Texas10%
Bradley County8%****
Calhoun County7%******
Carroll County10%**
Chicot County17%**
Clark County9%**
Clay County17%**
Cleburne County8%**
Cleveland County9%****
Columbia County13%**
Conway County12%**
Craighead County8%**
Crawford County11%**
Crittenden County12%
Cross County12%**
Dallas County11%******
Desha County11%**
Drew County15%**
Faulkner County12%
Franklin County11%****
Fulton County14%**
Garland County9%
Grant County7%****
Greene County9%**
Hempstead County10%**
Hot Spring County11%**
Howard County10%**
Independence County7%**
Izard County7%****
Jackson County11%**
Jefferson County14%
Johnson County14%**
Lafayette County17%**
Lawrence County10%**
Lee County11%****
Lincoln County8%****
Little River County14%**
Logan County11%**
Lonoke County9%**
Madison County10%****
Marion County10%**
Miller County12%**
Mississippi County11%**
Monroe County17%**
Montgomery County12%**
Nevada County11%****
Newton County16%**
Ouachita County14%**
Perry County11%****
Phillips County15%**
Pike County14%**
Poinsett County10%**
Polk County13%**
Pope County9%**
Prairie County8%**
Pulaski County10%
Randolph County11%**
Saline County7%
Scott County8%****
Searcy County15%**
Sebastian County10%
Sevier County10%****
Sharp County11%**
St. Francis County16%**
Stone County12%****
Union County9%**
Van Buren County11%**
Washington County8%
White County12%
Woodruff County15%**
Yell County9%****

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Elderly Living in Poverty
2015-19
Arkansas County476**
Ashley County674**
Baxter County1,109
Benton County2,650
Boone County828**
Bowie County, Texas1,446
Bradley County155****
Calhoun County79******
Carroll County643**
Chicot County341**
Clark County309**
Clay County534**
Cleburne County497**
Cleveland County144****
Columbia County517**
Conway County451**
Craighead County1,062**
Crawford County1,066**
Crittenden County734
Cross County364**
Dallas County168******
Desha County241**
Drew County430**
Faulkner County1,812
Franklin County352****
Fulton County419**
Garland County1,930
Grant County227****
Greene County617**
Hempstead County392**
Hot Spring County679**
Howard County223**
Independence County447**
Izard County239****
Jackson County305**
Jefferson County1,611
Johnson County566**
Lafayette County264**
Lawrence County296**
Lee County173****
Lincoln County149****
Little River County331**
Logan County442**
Lonoke County816**
Madison County289****
Marion County448**
Miller County799**
Mississippi County638**
Monroe County261**
Montgomery County274**
Nevada County167****
Newton County300**
Ouachita County621**
Perry County214****
Phillips County477**
Pike County288**
Poinsett County406**
Polk County590**
Pope County835**
Prairie County149**
Pulaski County5,906
Randolph County362**
Saline County1,414
Scott County175****
Searcy County282**
Sebastian County1,947
Sevier County237****
Sharp County461**
St. Francis County642**
Stone County408****
Union County569**
Van Buren County460**
Washington County2,105
White County1,496
Woodruff County207**
Yell County312****

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.



NATIONAL RANKING
43

OUT OF 51
2015-19

STATE TREND

Decreasing


10%

2015-19
1% = 4,825
Seniors (ages 65+)

What does this measure?

The percentage of people over the age of 65 with incomes below the federal poverty level. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2019, the poverty threshold for two people aged 65 and older with no children was $12,261.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people living in or near poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of a region. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports. Seniors in poverty may be particularly vulnerable to rising housing and health care bills.

How is Arkansas doing?

In 2015-19, 10% of seniors were in poverty, down 4 percentage points from 2000 and similar to the national rate of 9%. This makes Arkansas 44th in the nation on this indicator. Rates were higher among women (12%) than men (8%) and much higher among black or African American seniors (21%) than white or Hispanic seniors (both 9%). The poverty rate improved the most, however, among black or African American Arkansans, falling 14 percentage points since 2000.

Within the state, rates ranged from a low of 7% (Saline, Calhoun, Grant, Independence and Izard Counties) to 17% (Monroe, Chicot, Ashley, Lafayette and Clay Counties).

What contributes to racial and ethnic disparities?

Given labor market inequities, Black and Latino seniors have higher rates of poverty than white and Asian peers because they experience racial disparities in wealth and retirement income. Since Black and Latino seniors accumulate less retirement income, they must rely more heavily on Social Security to cover living and medical expenses.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator is expected to be released annually in December.




Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Elderly Living in Poverty
20002010-142015-19
Arkansas14%11%10%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Elderly Living in Poverty
20002010-142015-19
Arkansas49,09644,81949,501

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.






Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Elderly Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
American Indian and Native AlaskanAsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicNative Hawaiian and Other Pacific IslanderSome Other RaceTwo or More RacesWhite
Arkansas12%****9%****21%9%15%******23%**14%**9%
Benton County0%******5%******22%******7%5%******9%******18%******8%
Craighead County0%******25%******34%******6%**0%******0%******31%******6%**
Crittenden County0%******45%******23%**6%**0%******0%******6%******6%**
Faulkner County0%******54%******21%****11%0%******71%******9%******11%
Jefferson County0%******0%******22%9%**0%******13%******0%******9%**
Miller County0%******0%******23%****9%**0%******0%******28%******9%**
Mississippi County0%******0%******17%****8%**0%******0%******70%******8%**
Phillips County0%******0%******22%****6%******0%******0%******0%******6%******
Pulaski County5%******3%******23%7%0%******26%******2%******7%
Saline County0%******0%******15%******7%0%******0%******9%******7%
Sebastian County0%******16%******21%******8%0%******51%******17%******8%
St. Francis County0%******0%******24%**11%****0%******0%******0%******11%****
Union County43%******0%******16%****6%**0%******0%******29%******6%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Elderly Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
American Indian and Native AlaskanAsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicNative Hawaiian and Other Pacific IslanderSome Other RaceTwo or More RacesWhite
Arkansas281****333****10,17336,40135******540**813**37,326
Benton County0******23******32******2,2225******13******60******2,517
Craighead County0******20******176******836**0******0******30******836**
Crittenden County0******15******454**242**0******0******23******242**
Faulkner County0******66******152****1,5260******39******14******1,541
Jefferson County0******0******1,033548**0******2******0******576**
Miller County0******0******282****488**0******0******17******500**
Mississippi County0******0******239****336**0******0******46******353**
Phillips County0******0******374****103******0******0******0******103******
Pulaski County8******23******3,0462,7370******64******10******2,755
Saline County0******0******71******1,3090******0******19******1,324
Sebastian County0******106******172******1,4090******188******56******1,425
St. Francis County0******0******388**254****0******0******0******254****
Union County6******0******258****297**0******0******8******297**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.





Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Elderly Living in Poverty by Gender
FemaleMale
Arkansas12%8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Elderly Living in Poverty by Gender
FemaleMale
Arkansas31,68417,817

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.









INDICATORS
Access to Quality Seats for Infants and Toddlers
Access to Quality Childcare Seats for Preschoolers
Grade 3 Reading
Grade 8 Math
Graduation Rate
Remediation Rate
Adults with a High School Degree
Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher
Adults Pursuing Further Education
Infant Mortality
Early Prenatal Care
Overweight or Obese Students
Student Drug Usage
Overweight or Obese Adults
Physically Inactive Adults
Smoking Rate
Flouridated Water
Insurance Coverage Rates
Oral Health
Life Expectancy
Routine Check-ups
Births to Teens
Female-headed Households
Children Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty
Elderly Living in Poverty
Median Household Income
Unemployment Rate
Homeownership Rate
Child Abuse and Neglect
Access to Financial Services
Food Insecurity
Incarceration Rate
Homelessness
Change in Total Jobs
Housing Affordability - Owning
Housing Affordability - Renting
Households Below ALICE Threshold
Voter Participation Rate
Charitable Giving
Volunteering
Group Participation
Connection to Neighbors
Local Voting
Change in Population
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Population by Age
Adults with a High School Degree
Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher
Female-headed Households
Children Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty
Elderly Living in Poverty
Median Household Income
Unemployment Rate
Homeownership Rate
Incarceration Rate
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity


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