Racial Equity
Unemployment Rate
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Unemployment Rate
2019
Arkansas County3.0%
Ashley County5.4%
Baxter County4.0%
Benton County2.6%
Boone County3.2%
Bowie County, Texas4.4%
Bradley County4.1%
Calhoun County4.4%
Carroll County3.1%
Chicot County6.9%
Clark County3.8%
Clay County4.9%
Cleburne County4.5%
Cleveland County3.9%
Columbia County4.5%
Conway County4.3%
Craighead County2.8%
Crawford County3.3%
Crittenden County4.2%
Cross County4.2%
Dallas County4.7%
Desha County4.5%
Drew County5.2%
Faulkner County3.0%
Franklin County3.4%
Fulton County4.0%
Garland County3.7%
Grant County3.2%
Greene County3.5%
Hempstead County3.8%
Hot Spring County3.6%
Howard County3.3%
Independence County4.0%
Izard County5.5%
Jackson County6.5%
Jefferson County5.5%
Johnson County4.6%
Lafayette County4.7%
Lawrence County4.2%
Lee County4.5%
Lincoln County4.4%
Little River County4.3%
Logan County4.3%
Lonoke County3.2%
Madison County2.5%
Marion County4.0%
Miller County4.1%
Mississippi County5.1%
Monroe County4.3%
Montgomery County4.6%
Nevada County4.0%
Newton County3.5%
Ouachita County5.2%
Perry County4.1%
Phillips County6.0%
Pike County3.9%
Poinsett County3.4%
Polk County4.2%
Pope County4.3%
Prairie County4.4%
Pulaski County3.4%
Randolph County3.9%
Saline County2.8%
Scott County3.4%
Searcy County4.6%
Sebastian County3.3%
Sevier County4.8%
Sharp County5.0%
St. Francis County5.2%
Stone County4.7%
Union County5.2%
Van Buren County5.0%
Washington County2.4%
White County4.5%
Woodruff County5.3%
Yell County4.0%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics




Total Unemployed
2019
Arkansas County286
Ashley County418
Baxter County650
Benton County3,601
Boone County511
Bowie County, Texas1,769
Bradley County185
Calhoun County108
Carroll County400
Chicot County228
Clark County368
Clay County278
Cleburne County418
Cleveland County127
Columbia County410
Conway County359
Craighead County1,555
Crawford County894
Crittenden County910
Cross County314
Dallas County134
Desha County241
Drew County408
Faulkner County1,875
Franklin County252
Fulton County199
Garland County1,537
Grant County267
Greene County699
Hempstead County380
Hot Spring County510
Howard County186
Independence County659
Izard County269
Jackson County380
Jefferson County1,520
Johnson County469
Lafayette County115
Lawrence County284
Lee County127
Lincoln County173
Little River County238
Logan County373
Lonoke County1,109
Madison County189
Marion County267
Miller County809
Mississippi County891
Monroe County119
Montgomery County138
Nevada County145
Newton County117
Ouachita County508
Perry County175
Phillips County383
Pike County164
Poinsett County350
Polk County339
Pope County1,251
Prairie County156
Pulaski County6,472
Randolph County284
Saline County1,664
Scott County147
Searcy County133
Sebastian County1,864
Sevier County265
Sharp County285
St. Francis County425
Stone County223
Union County829
Van Buren County286
Washington County3,053
White County1,519
Woodruff County146
Yell County336

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



NATIONAL RANKING
27

OUT OF 51
2019

STATE TREND

Decreasing


3.5%

2019
1% = 13,626
Individuals

What does this measure?

Unemployed individuals are those without jobs who are able, available, and actively seeking work. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed people as a percentage of the total labor force (the total number of employed and unemployed individuals 16 or older and not living in prisons, mental hospitals or nursing homes).

Why is this important?

Unemployment rates are a relatively timely indicator of current local economic conditions, particularly recent changes in the employment landscape that reflect the overall health of the economy.

How is Arkansas doing?

In 2019, the unemployment rate was 3.5%, down from a recent high of 8.3% in 2011 and similar to the national rate of 3.7%. Five counties had rates lower than 3% - Benton, Madison, Craighead, Saline and Washington - and three counties had rates above 6% -Phillips, Jackson and Chicot was highest, at 6.9%.

It is possible to analyze unemployment rates across groups using a different dataset, the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. This data shows that unemployment was a bit more prevalent among men (5.3%) compared to women (5.0%) and among black or African American residents (9.0%) compared to Hispanic (4.5%), white (4.3%) and Asian (2.3%) residents in 2015-19.

What contributes to racial and ethnic disparities?

While traditional explanations for employment rate disparities focus on education and training gaps, whites tend to be employed at higher rates than Blacks and other people of color at every education level (high school, some college, bachelor's degree, etc.). This has led many researchers to focus on labor market discrimination as a primary cause of higher unemployment among people of color. However, it is also true that education levels are generally lower for people of color, suggesting that the education system's failure to equitably serve people of color is also a contributing factor.

Notes about the data

The unemployment rate represents only those who are actively seeking employment and does not account for under-employment or discouraged workers who have stopped looking for jobs. Also, county-level estimates are based on relatively small samples, and the true number of unemployed residents may vary considerably from the estimate. The rates reported here are averages of monthly rates. 2020 data for this indicator is expected to be released in the second quarter of 2021.

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. This data is expected to be released annually in December.




Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics


Unemployment Rate
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Arkansas4.3%5.0%5.5%5.9%5.7%5.2%5.2%5.3%5.5%7.8%8.2%8.3%7.6%7.2%6.0%5.0%4.0%3.7%3.6%3.5%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics




Total Unemployed
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Arkansas53,60662,18369,57575,39774,19570,46570,50472,71275,240106,512110,842113,168101,62695,71779,25866,92253,10649,80049,31048,352

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics






Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
American Indian and Native AlaskanAsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicNative Hawaiian and Other Pacific IslanderSome Other RaceTwo or More RacesWhite
Arkansas5.9%****2.3%**9.0%4.5%6.4%****5.4%**9.1%4.3%
Benton County3.6%******2.3%******3.0%******1.9%**0.7%******1.2%******5.6%******2.4%
Craighead County0.0%******0.0%******13.4%**6.5%******0.0%******11.8%******12.0%******4.7%
Crittenden County45.8%******0.0%******11.6%**8.3%******0.0%******5.3%******11.8%******5.5%**
Faulkner County0.0%******0.0%******4.4%****3.2%******0.0%******0.0%******5.5%******3.8%
Jefferson County0.0%******0.0%******11.6%0.0%******0.0%******0.0%******16.3%******5.9%**
Miller County0.0%******0.0%******12.2%**21.4%******0.0%******37.2%******7.5%******4.5%**
Mississippi County77.8%******4.9%******15.4%**9.0%******0.0%******5.6%******11.2%******5.6%**
Phillips County0.0%******0.0%******14.6%**0.0%******0.0%******0.0%******0.0%******5.6%******
Pulaski County2.0%******1.3%******6.3%4.4%****12.9%******2.5%******6.3%****3.8%
Saline County0.0%******0.2%******7.8%****3.6%******0.0%******5.6%******5.7%******3.4%
Sebastian County2.0%******2.7%******8.1%****5.7%****0.0%******5.1%****11.1%******4.3%
St. Francis County0.0%******0.0%******8.8%****0.0%******0.0%******0.0%******5.4%******3.5%****
Union County14.1%******16.8%******6.6%****1.3%******0.0%******28.0%******32.3%******3.6%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number Unemployed by Race/Ethnicity
American Indian and Native AlaskanAsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicNative Hawaiian and Other Pacific IslanderSome Other RaceTwo or More RacesWhite
Arkansas502****574**18,0334,506252****2,122**2,51146,487
Benton County67******132******68******415**5******36******187******2,729
Craighead County0******0******1,095**166******0******109******97******1,989
Crittenden County33******0******1,230**39******0******3******147******575**
Faulkner County0******0******327****60******0******0******62******1,890
Jefferson County0******0******1,9330******0******0******38******655**
Miller County0******0******567**145******0******141******20******613**
Mississippi County7******6******1,056**62******0******23******29******643**
Phillips County0******0******616**0******0******0******0******181******
Pulaski County11******68******4,243487****12******77******266****4,316
Saline County0******2******351****87******0******18******49******1,827
Sebastian County14******87******309****439****0******272****256******1,937
St. Francis County0******0******414****0******0******0******5******141****
Union County14******20******309****7******0******40******30******402**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.





Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Unemployment Rate by Gender
FemaleMale
Arkansas5.0%5.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number Unemployed by Gender
FemaleMale
Arkansas32,53337,948

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.









INDICATORS
Access to Quality Seats for Infants and Toddlers
Access to Quality Childcare Seats for Preschoolers
Grade 3 Reading
Grade 8 Math
Graduation Rate
Remediation Rate
Adults with a High School Degree
Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher
Adults Pursuing Further Education
Infant Mortality
Early Prenatal Care
Overweight or Obese Students
Student Drug Usage
Overweight or Obese Adults
Physically Inactive Adults
Smoking Rate
Flouridated Water
Insurance Coverage Rates
Oral Health
Life Expectancy
Routine Check-ups
Births to Teens
Female-headed Households
Children Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty
Elderly Living in Poverty
Median Household Income
Unemployment Rate
Homeownership Rate
Child Abuse and Neglect
Access to Financial Services
Food Insecurity
Incarceration Rate
Homelessness
Change in Total Jobs
Housing Affordability - Owning
Housing Affordability - Renting
Households Below ALICE Threshold
Voter Participation Rate
Charitable Giving
Volunteering
Group Participation
Connection to Neighbors
Local Voting
Change in Population
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Population by Age
Adults with a High School Degree
Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher
Female-headed Households
Children Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty
Elderly Living in Poverty
Median Household Income
Unemployment Rate
Homeownership Rate
Incarceration Rate
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity


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